Periodontal Disease, is an infection of the gums and bone surrounding your teeth and is one of the top reasons for tooth loss in adults. Because it is virtually pain-free, many patients do not know they have the disease. We check for signs of periodontal disease by measuring the space between your teeth and gums.
What causes periodontal disease?
Gum disease (Gingivitis) is caused by a buildup of plaque (a soft, sticky form of bacteria that forms on the teeth). If the plaque is not removed (by flossing, brushing, and regular dental checkups), it will continue to build up and create toxins that can damage the gums. As the gum disease progresses below the gum line, it creates small pockets that separate the gums from the teeth. The disease then moves below the bone (Periodontitis) creating bone loss.
The two stages of Periodontal Disease:
- Gingivitis — This is the early stage of gum disease, when the gums become red and swollen, and bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is treatable and can usually be eliminated by daily brushing and flossing and regular dental hygiene appointments at Green Valley Dental Group.
- Periodontitis — If left untreated, gingivitis will advance into periodontitis, and the gums and bone that support the teeth will become seriously and irreversibly damaged. Gums and bone infected with periodontitis can cause teeth to become loose and fall out.
Certain factors can increase a patient's risk of developing periodontal disease, including:
- Smoking or using chewing tobacco
- Certain types of medication such as steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, calcium channel blockers, and oral contraceptives
- Bridges that no longer fit properly
- Crooked teeth
- Old, leaking fillings
While it is possible to have periodontal disease and not know it, some symptoms can include:
- Gums that bleed easily
- Red, swollen, tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste
- Pus between your teeth and gums
- Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
- Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Any change in the fit of partial dentures
Treating Gum Disease
Treatments for gum disease can vary depending on the severity of each individual case. Typical treatments include:
- Non-surgical treatments such as scaling and root planing (deep cleaning)
- Laser gum surgery
- Periodontal surgery
- Dental implants
Preventing Gum Disease
Regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are important for maintaining your health and the health of your smile. You don't have to lose teeth to periodontal disease, and by practicing good oral hygiene at home, you can significantly reduce your chances of ever getting gum disease. Remember to brush regularly, clean between your teeth with floss, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits to help keep your smile healthy.